چهار شنبه، 2 آبان 1397 / 2018 October 24
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Janati Ahmad

Ayatollah Ahmad Janati was born on February 22, 1927 (3/12/1305) in Laadaan village form Marbin District, Three kilometers distance from the west of Isfahan. His father was Molla Hashem a grand and pious scholar who had taught seminary in Isfahan from Saturday to Wednesday and he had been in village at weekends.

He went to Maktab Khaneh (unofficial school) and he studied some new lessons by himself. He studied Arabic Literature period and the primary level in Isfahan Seminary till 1945 (1324).

When he graduated in Primary and studied some lessons of level he went to Qom to study under the great masters of there. He completed the lessons of level period and participated in Extra lesson of some greats like Grand Ayatollah Borujerdi and Imam Khomeini.

Ayatollah Jannati studied some parts of primary lessons under his father and the other parts under Late Ayatollah Seyyed Abolghasem Harandi. He studied some parts of Ma’ani and Baian (Meanings and Express) under Late Seyyed Mohammad Bagher Abtahi and the other parts under Hajj Sheikh Ahmad Faiaz and studied Ma’alem under Late Hajj Sheikh Ali Meshkati.

He studied Sharhe Lam’e under Late Martyr Sadughi in Qom and went to Late Ayatollah Baha’ Al-Dini to learn Rasael and Ghavanin (Rules). He studied some parts of Makaseb book under Late Hajj Seyyed Mohammad Bagher Tabatabaei Borujerdi and went to Late Hajj Sheikh Abd Al-Javad Isfahani and Late Mojahedi to learn Kyfaia. He also studied some parts of Makaseb under Late Hajj Agha Ruh Allah Kamalvand.

When he graduated in level period he studied Extra lesson under some greats like Grand Ayatollah Borujerdi, Grand Ayatollah Golpaiegani, Grand Ayatollah Hojjat Kooh Kamarei, and Grand Ayatollah Imam Khomeini and attended the Jurisprudence and Principles lesson of them seriously for many years.

Ayatollah Jannati has done many scientific and cultural works. He has taught primary period and level period lessons in Haghani Seminary School for fourteen years.

He has translated some Hadith books like Ethbat Alheda, Ighaz Alhoj’a, Tohaf Aloghul, and Al-Mavaez Al-Adadiah.

Before the Revolution he exposed the filthy nature of Pahlavi Regime in his lectures, publicmeetingsandprivate meetings and emphasized on the necessity extermination of this dependent Regime. As a member of Teachers Association of Qom Seminary he planned regularly for holding protests, writing declarations, and communicating to other centers which were depended on Imam Khomeini Movement such as Militant Clergy Association.

He was threatened and prosecuted by the Shah Regime in Qom, Rafsanjan, and Khark Island for many times. He was imprisoned three times totally for three months and once he was arrested and exiled for three years in Asad Abad Hamadan.

He had many posts in different occasions after the victory of the Islamic Revolution in 1979 (1357). His first post after the Revolution was as a judge in the Revolutionary Courts by Imam Khomeini’s command. Removal or maybe the execution of last Regime’s judges, Lack of laws and executive Bylaws in the courts, faithful and revolutionary peoples unfamiliarity with the course of the administrative judge, and other problems made it difficult to work in Judiciary during the primary years after the Revolution. By these problems some greats like Martyr Ghodusi, Martyr Beheshti, and Ayatollah Jannati entered this stage and started to develop and reform the judicial system of the country. Coherent judicial system in our country today is the result of these mens efforts in that time.

One of the main responsibilities of Ayatollah Jannati is the membership of the Guardian Council of the Constitution, from the early days of the formation of this sacred institution. The Guardian Council is one of the most important institutions of Revolution which prevents the conspiracies such as the Mashruteh event and the decisions of parliament always passes through the filter of Islamic Jurisprudence and the Constitution. This Institution always was attacked by the enemies of the Revolution.

نام پدر
سال تولد
محل تولد
ساکن
نماینده استان
تهران
نام مهم‏ترین اساتید درس خارج
نام تخصص‏هاى علمى (غیر از فقه و اصول)
نام مهم‏ترین آثار علمى
فعالیت‏هاى علمى
مسئولیت كنونی
مسئولیت قبلى
پست الكترونیكی
اسم الأب
تاریخ الولادة
محل الولادة
محل الإقامة
ممثل محافظة
تهران
أبرز أساتذة خارج الفقه
التخصصات العلمیة
أهم عناوین الآثار
النشاطات العلمیة
المسئولیة الحالیة
المسئولیة السابقة
برید الإلکترونی
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